Careers in agriculture also exist in research institutes, laboratories and soil conservation bodies. Candidates with a degree in agriculture are in great demand in the primary economic sector which includes farming, plantations, fisheries, mining, cattle rearing and poultry farming.
India is one of the leading agricultural countries in the world. Agriculture plays an important role in driving the state of Indian economy. Agriculture is the mainstay of our economy. It provides food to millions and raw material for our industries. India also has enormous potential as an exporter of agricultural commodities.
Students with an agricultural degree learn better methods in growing cash crops like jute, sugar cane, tea and tobacco. Sugar cane and tea though strictly food items, are treated as cash crops as they are exported for revenue. Qualified agriculturists are offered lucrative opportunities in tea gardens, rubber plantations, and fruit orchards and organized vegetable farms.
The variety of climatic types and natural conditions offer a conducive environment for the cultivation of a large variety of agricultural produce.Work in agricultural sectors ranges from the totally academic pursuits of research and teaching to inspection and other supervisory work to commercial activities of establishing farms, plantations, orchards and carrying on exports of produce from them. Agriculture is no longer practised by rule of thumb, instead it has become highly scientific, sophisticated and mechanised and consequently, very profitable too.The impact of agriculture is not only on the production of food grains, vegetables and fruits, but on so many agriculture dependent industries which get their raw material from agriculture sector.
Agricultural Institutes in India
Agricultural colleges in India:
- Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia – 741252, west Bengal,
Website: http://www.bckv.edu.in/ ;
Course: Bachelor of Science in Agriculture with specialization in Agronomy, Agricultural Economy, Agricultural Biochemistry, Agricultural Meteorology and Physics, Genetics, Animal Science, and Biotechnology, Instrumentation and Environmental Sciences.
This institute also conducts a M. Sc. in Agriculture course
- Chandrasekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur – 208002, Uttar Pradesh;
Course: Bachelor of Science in Agriculture.
This institute also conducts 13 Master Degree programs
- Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500030, Andhra Pradesh;
Course: Bachelor of Science in Agriculture,M.Sc in Agriculture
Agricultural jobs in India are offered by tea gardens, coffee and rubber plantations, and fruit orchards. Many agriculture scholars take up opportunities in research organizations or educational institutes.